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John

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PostSubject: Further information welcome   Sun Dec 20, 2009 4:15 pm

On the 6th of June 1879 the son of Pastor J.Filter of Lüneburg was also involved in a heroic deed. While trying to stop Zulu warriors from stealing the cattle of German settlers, he was killed on the banks of the Pongola River.
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PostSubject: Re: Further information welcome   Sun Dec 20, 2009 5:33 pm

Luneberg had become a front line target. There was no other white settlement that had been subjected to the terror attack as had Luneberg, whose people had cause for panic - but had not done so. Over the past three months the white inhabitants had been shut up in their laager and in consequence had suffered the ravages of disease. The Hermansburg and Meyer’s mission stations had been destroyed, as had a number of homesteads, many Christian blacks had been killed, cattle stolen, crops destroyed and, to cap it all, almost a company of the 80th slaughtered only four miles from the Luneberg laager. Wood hoped that his visit and the punitive action he proposed to take would do much to restore local morale.
Recently, both Buller and Rowlands had attempted to storm enemy mountain strongholds with little success. Wood, therefore, did not intend to attack Mbelini’s fortress without infantry support. Perhaps he listened to Piet Uys expounding his theory that the easy way to beat the Zulu was relentlessly destroying his crops and burning his dwellings. In any event the destruction of the enemy’s crops was the course that Wood decided to pursue.
He first visited Pastor Filter and his wife, the leaders of the German community, seeking to reassure them with his show of force. The Filter’s son Heinrich, a youngster of about seventeen years, was serving on Wood’s staff because of his useful knowledge and language ability. Wood offered to post the boy back to Luneberg to be close to his parents, but Mrs Filter would not hear of it, replying that the boy was at Wood’s service.
It was not long before Mbelini was again raiding around Luneberg, but the wily warrior’s luck was about to run out and he would shortly die at the hand of the most unlikely assailant, seventeen-year-old Heinrich Filter. Since Filter’s father was described as ‘a severe specimen of the Lutheran pastor of the sixteenth-century type, equally prepared to lead his flock spiritually to heaven and bodily against the Zulu’, perhaps it was not so surprising that Heinrich, who had escaped from Hlobane only a week earlier, should be the one to rid the area of the man responsible for so much terror. On 5th April, Mbelini swooped on Luneberg, robbing a homestead of a number of horses. The raiders were spotted by a small British patrol led by a Major Prior of the 4th King’s Own Regiment, which included Heinrich as interpreter. The patrol opened fire, killing one man and wounding another. Heinrich, however, recognised the leader of the raiders as Mbelini and set off in pursuit, inflicting a gunshot wound from which the warrior bled to death. Heinrich was derservedly a hero - a status which sadly he did not enjoy for long. Some days later he saw another gang stealing his own family horses; with a few of his native workers he set off after them. He had a favourite well-trained horse by the name of ‘Garibaldi’, but as it was out grazing he saddled the first nag that came to hand, which was unfortunately green and unschooled. Soon he and his men were led into a trap, being surrounded by many warriors hiding in the long grass. Heinrich’s untrained horse let him down and, being soon dismounted, he was placed upon an anthill where he sat, head in hands, while the raiders discussed his fate. They were all local Zulus and Heinrich was known to many and well liked by some; he came close to being released, but among them was Mbelini’s brother who insisted on Heinrich’s death as royal blood had been spilt. With no more ado Heinrich was speared to death. Some stones and a rusty iron stake still mark the spot where he fell.
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PostSubject: Re: Further information welcome   Tue Dec 22, 2009 9:43 pm

Heinrich Filter Memorial.

[You must be registered and logged in to see this image.]

And just out of interest his family’s descendants still farm in the area and one of them runs a magnificent B & B near Luneburg.

Ken
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90th

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PostSubject: heinrich filter.   Wed Dec 23, 2009 12:08 am

hi all.
Bit more info on H.Filter, from WHO"S WHO IN THE ZULU WAR by A. GREAVES and I. KNIGHT.
Born 16th March 1862, He was present in the skirmish of 5th April when TSHEKWANE kaSIHAYO was
killed and Prince MBILINI mortally wounded. o n the 7th June a large zulu force raided the farm of Mr. Niebuhr
Filter set out with a number of African Border Policemen and intercepted the raiders as they tried to cross the
Ntombe, the zulus turned to fight and they were all killed . Filter died in the way 1879graves posted it.
A monument was erected in the 30"s on the road between LUNEBURG and the NTOMBE. Also on the monument
is Trooper Larsen, a 19 yo Dane serving in Schermbruckers Horse. The party was ambushed on the 18th may
Schermbrucker was patrolling from LUNEBURG towards NTOMBE accompanied by Capt Moore of the 4th Regt.
Larsen was serving as S'BRUCKERS orderly , they were ambushed in long grass close to the river. S'BRUCKERS
horse was killed, with the zulus barely 150 yds off , S'BRUCKER ordered Larsen to dismount , mounted his horse
and ordered Larsen up behind, Larsen who was a good runner, was reluctant to risk the safety of the horse with
a double load and offered instead to set off on foot to Luneburg. S'brucker and Moore hadnt gone far , when
Moore's horse was killed and Moore was forced to mount up with S'brucker. Both reached Luneburg safely.
Larsen failed to arrive. That night S'brucker organized a search party but it was called off in the face of a severe
rainstorm. Larsen's body was only recovered from the banks of the Ntombe some months later.
cheers 90th.
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PostSubject: Re: Further information welcome   Wed Dec 23, 2009 12:19 am

Ken. Is that the actual spot where Heinrich filter was killed.
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Chelmsfordthescapegoat

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PostSubject: Re: Further information welcome   Wed Dec 23, 2009 12:26 am

Quote :
He was placed upon an anthill where he sat, head in hands, while the raiders discussed his fate.

Going by 1879Graves’s post it was more of an execution, than dieing in Battle.

As anyone got a photo of Heinrich filter.
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