Sir Henry Ernest Gascoyne Bulwer (11 December 1836 – 30 September 1914), the nephew of Sir Henry Lytton Bulwer, was a British colonial administrator and diplomat.
Bulwer was educated at Charterhouse School and Trinity College, Cambridge.Administrative and diplomatic posts held include:
1860-1864 – British Resident in Kythira in the Ionian Islands under the Lord High Commissioner, Sir Henry Knight Storks
1865 – Secretary to his uncle, the British Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire in Constantinople
1866 – Receiver-General of Trinidad
1867-1869 – Administrator of the Government of Dominica
1871-1875 – Governor of Labuan and Consular-General in Borneo
1875-1880 – Lieutenant Governor of the Colony of Natal
1882-1885 – Governor of the Colony of Natal and Special Commissioner for Zulu Affairs
1886-1892 – High Commissioner in Cyprus
Bulwer was appointed to the Order of St Michael and St George, as Companion in 1864, Knight Commander in 1874, and as Knight Grand Cross in 1883. While Governor of Labuan he presented the type specimen of Bulwer's Pheasant (Lophura bulweri) to the British Museum, a bird consequently named after him.