He is listed as a Col Sgt on the staff in Duttons. According to his 1/13th papers he was a sgt to 30 April 1879, promoted and transferred Col Sgt Military Staff Clerk 1 May 1879. He stayed in South Africa the rest of his life baring visits to the UK. He served Zulu 77/8/9, 1st Boer, and 1888 Zululand Wars. He was discharged 3 Aug 1889 21yrs.