Born Lower Mitcham, Croydon, Surrey, in 1853, A Harness maker by trade, Thomas enlisted in the Royal Artillery on 8th December 1875 for 12 years. He served at home until 20th Feb. 1879, the Cape of Good Hope (for Zulu campaign, until 28th Oct. 1879, then on to India until 8th December 1888, and back home until his discharge. Served with “M” battery (six 7pdr.guns – Major Sandham) during the Zulu campaign. Fractured his left leg severely on 23rd January 1889, warranting 89 days in hospital. Given a free discharge on 7th December 1889, after 13 years’ service. Zulu medal his only campaign award.