FRERE, SIR HENRY BARTLE EDWARD, BARONET (1815-1881)
Governor : I.C.S. : sixth son of Edward Frere, and nephew of John Hookham Frere : born March 29, 1815, educated at
Bath and Haileybury : went to India in 1834, by the overland route, making his way with difficulty via Cairo, Kosseir, Jeddah, Mocha, and a pilgrim vessel to Bombay : Assistant Revenue Commissioner for some years to H. E. Goldsmid [q.v.) in investigating land assessments : Private Secretary to Sir G. Arthur, Governor of Bombay, 1842 : Resident at Satara, 1846 : on the annexation of Satara in 1848-9 (to which he was opposed), Frere was appointed Commissioner : Chief Commissioner in Sind, 1850-9 : greatly advanced the Province in every way, conciliated the Amirs, improved Karachi harbour, developed institutions, controlled the frontier and the tribes : in the mutiny he nearly denuded Sind of troops to help the Panjab and South Mahratta country : repressed attempts at mutin3% and kept Sind quiet and loyal : his great services were highly valued in England and India : K.C.B. in 1859 : Member of the Governor- General's Supreme Council from Dec. 1859, to April, 1S62 : helped greatly in the restoration of financial equilibrium and in the establishment of Legislative Councils : Governor of Bombay from April, 1862, to March, 1867 : advanced education, buUt colleges, pushed on railways, established the Bombay municipality, demolished the old ramparts of the town, initiated female education. Over-trading, speculation, and the restoration of peace in America (causing a fall in cotton) brought on a commercial crisis, in which the Bank of Bombay was involved : Frere's policy during this period was the subject of unfavourable criticism. He was Member of the Council of India, 1867-77 : G. C.S.I. : D.C.L. : President of the Geographical and Asiatic Societies : sent to Zanzibar, in 1872, to negotiate a treaty for the suppression of the slave-trade : P.C. : LL.D. : accompanied H.R.H. the Prince of Wales in his Indian tour, 1875-6 : Baronet and G.C.B. : appointed, in 1887, Governor of the Cape and High Commissioner in S. Africa : brought a war with the Kafirs to conclusion, 1878 : became engaged in the Zulu war, 1879 : and in troubles regarding the Transvaal with the Boers : the English Government recalled Frere in 1880 for his conduct in relation to the Zulu war and alleged disregard of orders : he defended himself on his return to England : he advocated a forward policy with regard to Afghanistan : died May 29, 1884 : buried in St. Paul's Cathedral : his statue erected on the Thames Embankment : he was an eminent public servant, combining strong character under a kindly and courteous demeanour : and was earnest in his religious views. He wrote a number of papers on the questions of the day, connected with India : also a memoir of his uncle above-named.