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Posts : 1095 Join date : 2009-01-14 Location : East London
Subject: Re: Sir Herbert Stewart Sat Oct 17, 2009 11:12 am
Sir Herbert Stewart KCB (June 30, 1843 – February 16, 1885), eldest son of the Rev. Edward Stewart, was born at Sparsholt, Hampshire. [You must be registered and logged in to see this image.]
He was educated at Brighton College and then Winchester College before entering the army in 1863.
After serving in India with his regiment (37th Foot) he returned to England in 1873, having exchanged into the 3rd Dragoon Guards. In 1877 he entered the staff college and also the Inner Temple. In 1878 he was sent out to South Africa, served in the Zulu War and against Sikukuni. As chief staff officer under Sir G Pomeroy Colley he was present at Majuba (February 27, 1881), where he was made prisoner by a Boer patrol and detained until the end of March.
In August 1882 he was placed on the staff of the cavalry division in Egypt. After Tel-el-Kebir (September 13, 1882) he headed a brilliant advance upon Cairo, and took possession of the town and citadel. He was three times mentioned in despatches, and made a brevet-colonel, CB, and aide-de-camp to the queen. In January 1884 he was sent to Suakin in command of the cavalry under Sir Gerald Graham, and took part as brigadier in the actions from El Teb to the advance on Tamaneb. His services were recognized by the honour of KCB, and he was assistant adjutant and QMG in the south-eastern district in England from April to September 1884.
He then joined the expedition for the relief of Khartoum, and in December, when news from Gordon decided Lord Wolseley to send a column across the desert of Metemma, Stewart was entrusted with the command. On January 16, 1885, he found the enemy in force near the wells of Abu Klea, and brilliantly repulsed their fierce charge on the following morning. Leaving the wounded under guard, the column moved forward on the 18th through bushy country towards Metemma, 23 miles off. Meanwhile the enemy continued their attacks, and on the morning of the 19th Stewart was wounded and obliged to hand over the command to Sir Charles Wilson.
He lingered for nearly a month, living long enough to hear of his promotion to the rank of major-general "for distinguished service in the field." He died on the way back from Khartoum to Korti on the 16th of February, and was buried near the wells of Jakdul. In the telegram reporting his death Lord Wolseley summed up his character and career in the words: "No braver soldier or more brilliant leader of men ever wore the Queen's uniform." A bronze cenotaph was erected in St Paul's Cathedral, London.
Cabinet Photograph W. & D. Downey - Photographer 57 & 61 Ebury Street, S.W., London, England c. 1880
Posts : 2584 Join date : 2009-04-24
Subject: Re: Sir Herbert Stewart Sat Oct 17, 2009 11:49 am
Victorian Memorial Fountain for Major General Sir Herbert Stewart KCB (1843-1885)
Posts : 3191 Join date : 2009-03-03 Location : Devon
Subject: Re: Sir Herbert Stewart Sat Oct 17, 2009 3:29 pm
Description Three: Private Arthur Wood, 3rd Dragoon Guards, who served as servant to Lieutenant-Colonel (later Major-General Sir) Herbert Stewart in South Africa in 1879, at Tel-el-Kebir in 1882, and afterwards as a private servant to the same officer when in command of the Desert Column and at Abu Klea, shortly after which battle Stewart was mortally wounded
South Africa 1877-79, 1 clasp, 1879 (1251 Pte. A. Wood, 3rd Dragn. Gds.); Egypt and Sudan 1882-89, 3 clasps, Tel-El-Kebir, The Nile 1884-85, Abu Klea (1251 Pte. A. Wood, 3rd D...) last part of naming illegible through edge bruising; Khedive’s Star 1882, edge bruising and pitting from star, otherwise better than good fine (3) £800-1000 Footnote Private Arthur Wood appears on a two-man roll for the Zulu war medal, with The Hon. Guy Dawnay, ‘a civilian, attached as Intelligence Officer to Major Genl. Marshal’. Wood is noted as ‘Servant to Bt. Lt. Colonel Stewart’ and the roll is marked ‘It is requested that these medals may be forwarded to Lt. Colonel Stewart, 3rd Drag. Gds., Adair House, for transmission’. Stewart was Brigade Major to Major-General F. Marshall, C.M.G., commanding Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Division, throughout the operations of 1879. Stewart and Wood are the only recipients of the Zulu war medal from the 3rd Dragoon Guards.
It seems reasonable to assume that Private Wood remained with Stewart in his appointment as Chief Staff Officer to Sir George Pomeroy Colley during the First Boer War, and more particularly at Majuba Hill when Pomeroy was taken prisoner. Private Wood certainly accompanied Stewart to Egypt, where he had been appointed Assistant Adjutant-General of Cavalry, taking part in the battle of Tel-el-Kebir and the capture of Cairo. Wood is listed with three other Privates of the 3rd Dragoon Guards on a four-man roll for Egypt 1882, he being the only recipient of the clasp for Tel-el-Kebir, the roll signed by Colonel Herbert Stewart.
Private Arthur Wood, who had enlisted at Edinburgh on 20 October 1872, aged 18, transferred to the 4th Dragoon Guards on 31 July 1882, and was discharged at Brighton on 27 January 1883.
Wood accompanied Sir Herbert Stewart in a private capacity in Lord Wolseley’s Gordon Relief Expedition, when Stewart commanded the Desert Column which crossed the Bayuda from Korti to Metemmeh, and repelled the Arab attack at the battle of Abu Klea. Two days later, in action at Al-Qubbat, Stewart was mortally wounded by a bullet in the groin and died at Gakdul on 16 February 1885, the most senior casualty of the campaign. Wood’s name appears on an individual roll for The Nile and Abu Klea where he is recorded as ‘late Civilian Servant to the late Major Genl. Sir H. Stewart’, the address being given as 28 Hans Place, London SW, home of Lady Stewart. Sold with copies of all relevant rolls.
Hammer price £1500 in 2008
Posts : 3191 Join date : 2009-03-03 Location : Devon
Subject: Re: Sir Herbert Stewart Sat Oct 17, 2009 3:35 pm
[You must be registered and logged in to see this image.] Major-General Sir Herbert Stewart, K.C.B. died on the 16th of February 1885, and was buried at the wells near Jakdul in the Sudan.
Posts : 2557 Join date : 2009-04-06 Age : 59 Location : UK
Subject: Re: Sir Herbert Stewart Sat Oct 17, 2009 10:35 pm
Has anyone got a photo of his grave. We can insert it in the Graves Section.
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Subject: Re: Sir Herbert Stewart Sat Oct 17, 2009 10:43 pm
Brilliant 1879Graves Can see you been busy.
Posts : 212 Join date : 2009-10-16
Subject: Re: Sir Herbert Stewart Sun Oct 18, 2009 12:43 pm
Hi , I think this area was flooded when the Aswan Dam was built, but i think there was an Illustration of his grave in the Illustrated London News or Graphic at the time??, regards rai klh
Posts : 1604 Join date : 2009-09-21
Subject: Re: Sir Herbert Stewart Sun Oct 18, 2009 1:47 pm
Sir Herbert Stewart (1843-1885), majorgeneral; ensign 1863; aide-de-camp to commander of Allahabad division, 1868-70; deputy-assistant quartermaster-general, Bengal, 1872-3, for conduct in cholera outbreak, 1870; entered staff college and Inner Temple, 1877; brigade-major of cavalry during Zulu war, 1879; military secretary to Wolseley and brevet lieutenantcolonel, 1880; as chief staff officer to Sir George Pomeroy Oolley captured at Majuba, 1881; assistant adjutant-general of cavalry in Egypt, 1882; secured Cairo after Tel-el-Kebir; C.B., brevet-colonel, and aide-decamp to Queen Victoria; K.C.B. for services in Suakim campaign, 1884; assistant adjutant and quartermasterKciK-ral, south-eastern district, 1884; in Lord Wolseley's (Jonlon relief expedition, 1884-5, commanded desert column to proceed to Metemmeh; repelled Arab attack at Abu Klea, but three days later was mortally wounded: promoted major-general before death; monuments at St. Paul's, London, and Winchester.
Posts : 3191 Join date : 2009-03-03 Location : Devon
Subject: Re: Sir Herbert Stewart Sun Oct 18, 2009 2:11 pm
I came across the following quote
"The remains of both Gordon and Stewart lie in the Sudan. Stewart succumbed to his wounds on 16 February and was buried near the Jakdul wells, in the Bayuda Desert, where his grave still is."
Subject: Re: Sir Herbert Stewart Sun Oct 18, 2009 5:23 pm
REMINISCENCES OF SIR HERBERT STEWART. BY A BROTHER OFFICER.
"He is the best youngster I ever saw join a regiment,'' was the observation made by a popular officer of some standing in the service, shortly after Herbert Stewart joined the army. That this opinion was well deserved has been proved by the late Sir Herbert's short but brilliant career, the fatal ending of which, all who knew him and served with him do now so deeply deplore. A few reminiscences of his life, by one who had the privilege of I his intimate friendship, may be interesting I at the present time, while his memory is still fresh, and the circumstances amid which he met his death are still so engrossing men's minds. Herbert Stewart was gazetted ensign in the 37th Regiment, now the First Battalion of the Hampshire, in 1863. In the beginning of 1864 he joined at Aldershot, bringing with him the reputation (not an unimportant one in a good old English regiment) of having been captain of the eleven at Winchester School. The 37th were devoted to cricket, and the new Subaltern proved an immense acquisition to the regimental team; he will be long remembered among cricketers as one of the best amateur wicket keepers in England. With his valuable assistance, the Regimental eleven of the old 37th was for many years hard to beat.
As a youngster, Stewart was never one of those who took pleasure in midnight orgies or practical jokes — amusements sometimes too much in vogue among young officers — but on festive occasions he preferred the whist-table or the billiard room, where he always ranked much above the average player.
At Dover, whence the regiment proceeded from Aldershot, Stewart mainly distinguished himself at cricket and boating. In the regimental six-oar no man pulled a better stroke. He possessed in great perfection that ready co-operation of hand and eye so essential to success in all manly sports. Some of the older members of the Dover Club must still recollect this skill at billiards — his brilliant winning hazards at pool. This may seem a trifling matter; but Stewart's play indicated that swift judgment, quick decision, and imperturbable temper which so deseeding on leave to Simla,Stewart was selected by General X as his aide-de- camp. Many officers and civilians who were in Bengal at the time, will recollect him well in that position, and how people were sometimes heard to speak of "Stewart and his general ‘‘! We next find him employed in the quartermaster general's department in the camp of exercise at Delhi; and afterwards in the same capacity at Meean Meer. Whilst there, the 37th arrived, and in about a fortnight lost, by an outbreak of cholera, over one hundred lives. The recognized best plan of action in such an emergency is to move the stricken regiment (if possible, across a river), and in every way try to keep up the spirits of the men by games, music, etc., — anything, in fact, to prevent the mind from dwelling on the terrible position.
Stewart's character came out strongly during this trying time; and the services of this young deputy assistant quartermaster general were invaluable in planning, superintending, and carrying out the arrangements necessary for the moves, camps, etc. Indeed, had a less efficient officer been on the staff, the regiment would have fared badly; but thanks to his strength of character and energy, things were managed, not in the spirit of red tape, but practically and thoroughly. It has been remarked by those who have experienced both situations, that a cholera camp is more trying to the nerves than a Battlefield.
Having returned to England on leave in 1873, Captain Stewart exchanged into the 3rd Dragoon Guards. Although offered permanent employment on the staff of the quartermaster-general's department in India, he considered that his future interests lay in another direction. In 1877 Stewart entered the Staff College, creating rather a sensation by bringing with him a four-in-hand team. While there he was one of the foremost with the College drag hounds, and was well known with Mr. Garth's and the Queen's. After completing the two years' course, being then only a captain of cavalry, and having seen no active service, be volunteered for South Africa.
Stewart afterwards declared that the Zulu campaign was the hardest piece of work he ever did. He was on the eve of embarking for England, almost unnoticed, when Lord Wolseley telegraphed to stop him, and gave him the appointment of military secretary, in the place of Colonel Colley, who had been ordered to India. Stewart thus got his foot the lowest rung of the ladder, up which he was to rapidly to ascend. In the Secocoeni campaign, which followed, he discharged the very severe and heavy duties required of him with his accustomed energy, thereby receiving the well-merited approval of his chief, and afterwards his brevet of lieutenant colonel — which recognition of services no man better deserved.
We next see Stewart on Majuba Hill with Sir G. Colley, in the spring of 1881. He was close to his chief when that gallant but unfortunate officer was shot dead, and evidently one of the last on that fatal hill, for he was taken prisoner. He afterwards spent an interesting time with the Boers, who treated him well, giving him the very best they had. Like all who shared in that disastrous fight, Stewart was unrecompensed for his hard service there.
After the Transvaal campaign he rejoined his regiment, and did duty with it in command of the detachment at Glasgow until early in 1882, when he was offered an aide-decamp ship by Lord Spencer in Ireland. Here the lord-lieutenant found scope for Colonel Stewart's great abilities in many other than the ordinary duties of an A.D.C., — although for these no man could have been more fitted. His handsome, expressive face and peculiar charm of manner, his active habits and bold riding, ensured his popularity with the Irish in the hunting-field as in the ball-room, and he was always a favourite in society; but his capacity for higher and more intellectual work was not ignored, at a time when long heads were much required in Ireland. On account of his sound common sense and rare tact, Stewart was specially fitted for diplomatic work of ah important or delicate nature. He writes about this time from the vice regal lodge: " We are very busy over here with one thing and another, and I drop in for all sorts of work — one day I am a policeman, and the next a university reformer. This style of change suits my usual restlessness." From this time Stewart's raise vitas very rapid. When selected for the brigade major ship of cavalry in the expedition to Egypt in 1882, he was only a major in the 3d Dragoon Guards, and a brevet lieutenant-ant colonel in the army, having served in three campaigns, and several times mentioned in despatches. He was present with General Drury Lowe's cavalry latterly as deputy assistant adjutant general — during all the actions of that campaign, and in the splendid march distinguished his after career — the success of which was predicted by those who knew him well.
Promotion was exceptionally rapid in the 37th Regiment at the time of which I write — many subalterns getting their companies after less than four years* service. Stewart was promoted to lieutenant In 1865, and selected for the adjutancy in 1866.
From Dover the regiment was sent to Ireland, where it spent a short year in various stations; and officers who were then quartered in that country must still remember Stewart's feats in cricket matches at the Curragh, Cork, and Fermoy.
In July 1866, the headquarters of the 37th, with Stewart as adjutant, embarked at Queenstown in "the good ship Blenheim," bound for Calcutta. Good ship, however, proved a misnomer in this case, as the vessel grounded on the sandbanks at the mouth of the Hooghly, where she narrowly escaped shipwreck, — bumped about during a whole night, and was eventually so damaged that she was afterwards Condemned, and never went another voyage. An awful night of peril and suspense was passed — necessarily a crucial test of pluck and character, death staring all in the face. The young adjutant on this trying occasion manifested the coolness and courage, which were afterwards so prominently shown in his career.
On its arrival in India, the regiment was stationed in the Rohilcund district one of the finest in that country for sport. Here it remained four years in different stations — Bareilly, Shahjehanpore, Moradabad. In the immediate neighbourhood is found the best of wild-duck, snipe, and other shooting; while a night's did places one on the skirts of the terat^ the grandest field in the world for shikar.
The 37th was at that time a young and very sporting regiment, and it had the good fortune to be commanded by a colonel who was second to none in the use of the rife and the rod, and the keenest of all in every manly exercise. Under these auspicious circumstances, it is not surprising that the officers made the most of this Elysium of the shikari. Tiger shooting and other sporting parties were frequently organized; and Stewart was one of the most ardent and indefatigable of sportsmen.
Many men, after the novelty of killing their first tiger, find a certain tameness in this form of sport, and Stewart went in with perhaps more zest for the wild life and difficult stalking of the Himalayas and Tibet. In the latter elevated and treeless country the necessary hard work tells severely on the constitution; and only the most robust and enthusiastic of stalkers are likely to meet with success. It showed a good deal of determination and self-reliance for a fresh from England, with little knowledge of the country, or the language, ways, and manners of the natives, to start alone across these lofty mountain ranges, and make double marches in order to catch up his colonel, who had preceded him eight or ten days. This Stewart accomplished; and the party afterwards crossing the snowy range at the Niti Pass, made a most successful six months' trip to Tibet, returning with many trophies of Ovis ammon^ burrel, etc. The same party undertook a similar expedition from Cashmere in 1871, when a famous bag was made. These journeys entail very severe exertion, long and difficult marches on foot, and many days must often be passed without a sign of game or the chance of firing a shot.
Promoted to captain in 1868, and procavalry on Cairo after the battle of Tel-el- Kebir. By this rapid march and vigorous pursuit the enemy was prevented from again rallying, the fruits of victory were reaped, Cairo taken, and the campaign practically ended. With the audacity, combined with shrewdness, which should ever be the leading characteristic of the beau sabreur, Stewart, by a clever disposition of his small force, deceived the garrison of Cairo — twenty thousand unbeaten regular troops — and demanded their instant surrender. Had they refused to capitulate, he could not for a moment have opposed the force against him with bestirred-out cavalry. For these services Stewart was appointed A.D.C. to the queen, made a companion of the Bath, and promoted full colonel.
Last year he v/as again called upon to serve his country: this time in the Soudan, under Sir Gerald Graham, when he had the honour to command the cavalry brigades at the battles of £1-Teb and Tamai.
At each of these engagements the cavalry did effective and gallant service, although that miserable weapon, the regulation sabre, proved its worthlessness, and the troopers eventually armed themselves with the lances of the dead Arabs. At the fight at Tamai, Stewart, now commanding a cavalry brigade, proved a friend in need to his former chief and sporting ally, General Davis (to whom he had been adjutant in the old Indian days), by coming to his aid at a most critical moment, when Davis's square was partly broken and temporarily pressed back. Stewart cleverly and boldly dismounted his horsemen, and by their effective fire checked the wild rush of Arab fanatics, and enabled the brigade to rally.
Stewart's last campaign must be too fresh in the minds of every one to need more than a few passing remarks.
Selected at Korti by Lord Wolseley for the command of a most arduous and dangerous enterprise, he hastened across the desert to Gakdul, a distance of nearly one hundred miles, where was the nearest ample water supply. Leaving his men there, he returned almost without rest, and again directly crossed the dreary waste with another contingent. This march of nearly two hundred miles in less than six days is unparalleled in its character, camels being the only mode of con- veyance for men, water, and supplies. It will rank for rapidity and endurance although a short march with a small force among the greatest historical marches record. Very shortly after, starting from Gakdul, with his whole force now concentrated — about fifteen hundred fighting men — he again struck across the desert, making for the wells of Abu Klea and the Nile. How he fought two successful battles Abu Klea on the 17thJanuary, and Gubat on the 19th — against overwhelming numbers of the bravest fanatics, where defeat meant annihilation, how he was struck down at the fight on the 19th by a wound which has since proved fatal, — these things are well Known.
Stewart was not more remarkable for his bravery and intelligence as a soldier, than for his endearing qualities in private life. Those who had the advantage of his friendship recognized in him strength of mind and geniality of temper, which made his companionship a real pleasure and privilege. He was often and very aptly spoken of as ** a long-headed man,’ and he possessed in a remarkable degree the power of writing a good letter — of expressing himself clearly and concisely. Ever ready to help a friend in the hour of need, it was a common practice to resort to him for advice in matters of difficulty or delicacy, which was always given kindly and electively. In that lamentable affair in connection with the death of the prince imperial, when Captain Carey was tried by court-martial, Stewart, who had been with him at the Staff College, assisted the prisoner with advice, suggested his line of defence, and helped him in his trouble. It cannot be supposed that this was done from any sympathy with Carey's conduct, but from a chivalrous impulse, which led him to stand by a fallen comrade who was helpless and friendless. In his rapid rise in his profession Stewart owed nothing to private interest. It was in the ordinary course of soldiering that he first met Lord Wolseley at Rorke's Drift, who, no doubt with that penetration for which he is remarkable, recognized in him a most capable officer, not to be lost sight of in future campaigns.
It was not only on the field of battle, in all manly sports, and in private life, that Stewart was ever prominent. He became, while at the Staff College, a member of the Honourable Society of the Inner Temple, and of late years, between his campaigns, was often to be met during the law terms eating his dinners at the Inner Temple Hall. He had finished keeping his terms, but had not been called to the bar, when he quitted England for the last time.
Reference taken from ( The Living Age )
Posts : 3191 Join date : 2009-03-03 Location : Devon
Subject: Re: Sir Herbert Stewart Sun Oct 18, 2009 5:30 pm
Hi Mr Greaves
Firstly welcome to the forum and nice to see you posting.
Thanks for the above article, it is packed full of information, Great :)
Saul David 1879
Posts : 527 Join date : 2009-02-28
Subject: Re: Sir Herbert Stewart Sun Oct 18, 2009 5:41 pm
1885 Sir Herbert Stewart's Column Leaving Korti Rare & Authentic 124 year old THE GRAPHIC News Engraving! 137
Posts : 4250 Join date : 2008-11-01 Age : 62 Location : KENT
Subject: Re: Sir Herbert Stewart Sun Oct 18, 2009 6:26 pm
Nice Print S.D
Posts : 10352 Join date : 2009-04-07 Age : 65 Location : Melbourne, Australia
Subject: Herbert Stewart print. Mon Oct 19, 2009 1:52 pm
hi all. Thought I would post this, as he is very topical at this time. http://cgi.ebay.co.uk/ZULU-HERBERT-STEWART-1870-original-antique-print_W0QQitemZ140322875057QQcmdZViewItemQQptZArt_Prints?hash=item20abe526b1 cheers 90th.
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Subject: Re: Sir Herbert Stewart Tue Jan 04, 2011 10:13 pm