For obvious reasons I have an interest in the 14th Hussars. Here are details of another who served in the AZW.Francis Shirley Russell
was born on the 13th December 1840. He was the third son of of Mr James Russell of Aden, Mintlaw, Aberdeen and Caroline Lambton.
He was educated at Radley and Balliol College, Oxford, where he took his B.A. degree with honours 1862. Military Career
Like his elder brother Alexander (74th Highlanders.Lost when the troop ship Birkenhead sank off the coat of Africa in 1852).
He entered the army as a cornet in the 18th Hussars but on the 14th February 1862 transferred to the 14th Hussars: 6th February 1863; became Lieutenant 23rd August 1864; Captain 13th June 1868;Brevet Major 1st April 1874; Major 14th Hussars, 15th June 1881; Lieutenant Colonel 1st July 1881; Colonel 1st July 1885; Major General 20th January 1897; retired 1898.
On the 5th August 1864 he was made Instructor of Musketry at the Cavalry Depot. in Maidstone.
He served in the Ashanti war from the 17th December 1873 , was attached to Wood's Regiment, and commanded the post of Accrofooma on the lines of communications, for which services he received the brevet rank of Major and the medal with clasp.
He served in the latter stage of the Zulu War of 1879 as Deputy Assistant Adjutant General, 2nd Division, and was present at the engagement at Ulundi on the 4th July 1879, for which he received the medal with clasp. He was present with the 14th (Kings) Hussars in the Boer campaign in South Africa in year 1881. Major Russell passed the final Staff College examination in 1873 and held the following staff appointments:-
A.D.C. to General Officer Commanding the Forces in Ireland 1st March 1869 to 30th June 1870.
Special services, Ashanti Expedition, 4th December 1873 to 28th March 1874
Professor of Military Administration, Tactics and Law. Instructor in tactics, Royal military College, 18th September 1875 to 27th December 1876.
Special services, South Africa, 16th May 1879 to the 20th October 1879
Military attache, Berlin, 1887-90. Whilst there he was attached to the Staff of the German Emperor and received several marks of His Imperial Majesty's favour including a fine bronze statue of the Emperor and likewise a portrait with the Imperial Autograph. He also had the occasion to visit the Court of the King of Wurtemburg, and received from his Majesty an interesting Souvenir embellished with the royal monogram in precious stones. The Kaiser even bestowed on him the Prussian Order of the Crown
In 1881 he exchanged from the 14th Hussars to the Royal Dragoons with Lieutenant Colonel C.F. Morton, and commanded the Royal Dragoons from 1885 to 1887.
In February 1892, Colonel Russell was appointed to command the Aberdeen Volunteer Brigade
He became Colonel of the 1st (Royal) Dragoons on the 9th June 1900.Family Life
In 1888 he married Miss Philippa Baillie of Redcastle, lady in waiting to Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Albany and daughter of the late Rt. Hon. Henry Baillie of Redcastle. (at the tim eof her death she resided at 52 Elm Park Gardens. Her funeral was on the 12th April 1935 at St Lukes, Nutsford Place London, with internment at Kensall Green Cemetery
They had three sons and two daughters:-
Alexander Duncan Cumine (employed in the Foreign office
Drostan Arthur Cumine (in British Columbia. Born 1891. Volunteered for the Rhodesian Rifles and served on the Northern Rhodesian and German East African Frontier, near Abercorn. He was on his return journey to take commission in a Highland Regiment when he died at Matononi's village,Serenje of blackwater fever. 25th July 1915)
Philippa Caroline Comine
Helan Winfred Cumine
In 1891 he was awarded the Companionship of the order of St Michael and St George and in 1895 he was returned in the Conservative interest as Member of Parliament for east Aberdeenshire. However he lost to Mr Esselmont. In 1895 he was made M.P. for Cheltenham.
1895 Election figures
Russell (C) 3409
Wilfred Blaydes (L) 2940
Hillen (I) 23
Frank Russell was an active and eloquent MP, speaking often with a predictably expert take on farming and military affairs and a devastating dry wit which he deployed mercilessly at dozy military bureaucrats in particular. He wrote in 1900 about failings in military intelligence and the urgent need to strengthen and enlarge it, something “which recently I endeavoured to impress upon the House of Commons (I may add in a very empty and not very attentive House, as is nearly always the case when military matters are discussed)”.
He was a J.P. and Deputy Lieutenant of the county of Aberdeen wher he has a country residence 'Aden' Mintlaw. He was the author of 'Cavalry Field Duty, Russian Wars with Turkey, Memoir of the Earl of Peterborough and other works.
He was a great lover of literature with a fine library at Aden.
He died at 10.30am on the 21st March 1912 after a long illness and is buried at Old Deer Parish Church, Aberdeen.Sonia Clarke
He is mentioned in Sonia Clarke's "Zululand at War" Brenthurst Series 1984 ISBN0909079234 but she has him listed as Francis (Frank) Shirley. The name he appears to have used on his correspondence
"The third Russell correspondent, Frank Shirley, a Major in the 14th Hussars....was one of the last staff officers to arrive, F.S. Russell's presence was superfluous to requirements - as even he realised. Chelmsford eventually found him a position, as deputy assistant adjutant- general to the 2nd Division, on the eve of the battle of Ulundi"
Francis met Alan Gardner on the 15th June 1879 in Durban (p211)and wrote:-
"P.S. Alan Gardner is here on his way home with a bad hole in his leg poor fellow, the result of a wound at Kambula."
Before this P.S. he writes a long letter about his experiences in arriving in South Africa.
Although he is listed as having been at Ulundi on p231 it seems he was made Staff officer to Colonel Bellairs and was left behind in the laager. From it he witnesses from a distance and describes the fight to Sir Archibald. (pages 231 -235). He then writes a long letter to Sir Archibald giving his opinions of the campaign. Opinions that must have partly been formed by speaking to his regimental friend Alan Gardner. (p266-268)
There is one other 14th Hussar on the Anglo Zulu War medal role. Private C. Simmonds 1606. (1879 clasp). I'm assuming this could be Francis's batman.
There is a picture of his memorial here but I don't know how to post it up on the forum. Can anyone help?
Does anyone have a photograph of him?