"MARTIN, JAMES HAMILTON, Fleet Surgeon, Royal Navy, was born on 8 August 1841, at Truro, son of Hamilton Duckworth Martin and of Louisa Martin. He was educated at Grammar School, Truro, and University College, London. His record of services was as follows: Surgeon of HMS Nassau during encounters with Sulu pirates and present at destruction of Carang, 1872; Staff Surgeon in charge of Transports during Zulu War, 1879 (mentioned in Despatches; Zulu Medal and clasp); Staff Surgeon of Thalia, Egyptian War, 1882; Senior Medical Officer in charge of Transports (received thanks of the Admiralty; Egyptian Medal; Khedive's Bronze Star); Principal Medical Officer of Royal Marine Battalion in Eastern Soudan, 1884; present at Battles of El Teb and Tamaai (mentioned in Despatches; wounded; promoted to Fleet Surgeon for these services; Suakin and El Teb-Tamaai clasps); served in HMS Boadicea, Flag as PMO, in Naval Brigade under the command of Vice Admiral Honourable Sir E R Fremantle, KCB, CMG, Commander-in-Chief on East Indies Station, for the punitive expedition against the Sultan of Witu in East Africa, October 1890 (mentioned in Despatches; DSO for this service; General Africa Medal; Witu 1890 clasp). His appointment to the Distinguished Service Order was gazetted 2 January 1891: "In recognition of services during operations against the Sultanate of Witu. James Hamilton Martin, Fleet Surgeon, Royal Navy". He was promoted to Inspector-General, 1 January 1900.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)"