Hello Everyone, Cetshwayo was moving from homestead to homestead to avoid patrols/capture and on 14 August three important chiefs Mnyamana, Ntshingwayo, and Sitshaluza came to Wolseley with a large number of cattle hoping to secure the king's safety and Wolseley refused to negotiate with them and they were detained.
"On 20 August Wolseley gave orders' to burn Kraals and carry off cattle where the King is known to be and to be concealed by the inhabitants'. His patrols began to torture Zulu they found in the vicinity of the homesteads in which they suspected the king was hiding. The chief Mbopha of Hlabisa a favorite of the royal house, was kicked to the ground and burnt with firebrands in an unsuccessful attempt to make him revel Cetshwayo's whereabouts." ( Jeff Guy "The Destruction of the Zulu Kingdom" page 62) "Systematic terrorism eventually reveled Cetshwayo's
hiding place" ( Guy page 63)
Along with his research Guy also cites "Wolseley's Journal" and C. Vijn "Cetshwayo's Dutchman"
I understand Wolseley was determined to find Cetshwayo, but I find it at odds with the gentleman ideals of Wolseley that he would have used these methods. The Zulu did not take many prisoners, but if Cetshwayo had ordered the "torture" of a British officer with the goal of finding General Wolseley I'm sure the British public and Europe would have been appalled and determined for justice. Wolseley's orders came after Ntshingwayo and the other chiefs came in good faith to try and reach compromise with Wolseley.
Would enjoy hearing what you think. Best, Mike