Fair use notice.
This website may contain copyrighted material the use of which has not been specifically authorised by the copyright owner.
We are making such material and images are available in our efforts to advance the understanding of the “Anglo Zulu War of 1879. For educational & recreational purposes.
We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material, as provided for in UK copyright law. The information is purely for educational and research purposes only. No profit is made from any part of this website.
If you hold the copyright on any material on the site, or material refers to you, and you would like it to be removed, please let us know and we will work with you to reach a resolution.
Posts : 4067 Join date : 2008-11-01 Age : 61 Location : KENT
Subject: Re: Lord Stamfordham. Sat Oct 30, 2010 10:06 pm
"Arthur John Bigge, 1st Baron Stamfordham GCB, GCVO, GCIE, KCSI, KCMG , ISO, PC (18 June 1849 – 31 March 1931) was a British soldier and courtier. He was Private Secretary to Queen Victoria during the last few years of her reign and also to King George V during most of his reign. He was the maternal grandfather of Lord Adeane, Private Secretary to Queen Elizabeth II from 1953 to 1972.
Bigge was the son of John Frederic Bigge (1814–1885) Vicar of Stamfordham, Northumberland and the grandson of Charles William Bigge (1773–1849) of Benton House, Little Benton, Newcastle on Tyne and Linden Hall, Longhorsley, Northumberland, High Sheriff of Northumberland and a prominent merchant and banker in Newcastle on Tyne. He was educated at Rossall School and the Royal Military Academy and was commissioned in the Royal Artillery.
Bigge served in the Zulu War and retired in 1898 with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. He was Private Secretary to Queen Victoria from 1895 to 1901 and to King George V from 1910 to 1931.He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1910 and elevated to the peerage as Baron Stamfordham, of Stamfordham in the County of Northumberland, in 1911.
Lord Stamfordham's only son, John Neville Bigge, was killed in action in 1915.A daughter, the Honourable Victoria Eugenie, married Captain Henry Robert Augustus Adeane. She was the mother of Michael Adeane, Baron Adeane, Secretary to Queen Elizabeth II from 1953 to 1972. Lord Stamfordham died in March 1931, aged 81, when the barony became extinct."
Forfeited VCs The original Royal Warrant involved an expulsion clause that allowed for a recipient's name to be erased from the official register in certain wholly discreditable circumstances, and his pension cancelled. King George V though felt very strongly that the decoration should never be forfeited and in a letter to his Private Secretary, Lord Stamfordham, on 26 July 1920, his views are forcibly expressed:
“The King feels so strongly that, no matter the crime committed by anyone on whom the VC has been conferred, the decoration should not be forfeited. Even were a VC to be sentenced to be hanged for murder, he should be allowed to wear his VC on the gallows".
Posts : 10193 Join date : 2009-04-07 Age : 64 Location : Melbourne, Australia
Subject: Lord Stamfordham - Arthur Bigge Sun Oct 31, 2010 5:11 am
hi all. Without looking anything up I think Bigge was with Wood's Column and was therefore at Khambula . Where I think he may have been mentioned in despatches . Will have a look later . cheers 90th.
Posts : 3105 Join date : 2009-03-03 Location : Devon
Subject: Re: Lord Stamfordham. Sun Oct 31, 2010 10:32 am
Please see Pictorial catalogue of AZW Graves & Memorials for his grave
Posts : 1605 Join date : 2009-09-21
Subject: Re: Lord Stamfordham. Sun Oct 31, 2010 11:53 am
Posts : 7082 Join date : 2009-04-24 Age : 52 Location : Down South.
Subject: Re: Lord Stamfordham. Sun Jun 30, 2013 11:07 am
Arthur John Bigge, 1st and last Baron Stamfordham was born on 18 June 1849. He was the son of Reverend John Frederick Bigge and Caroline Mary Ellison.3 He married Constance Neville, daughter of Reverend William Frederick Neville and Fanny Grace Blackwood, on 10 February 1881. He died on 24 April 1922 at age 72. He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.).1 He gained the rank of Lieutenant in 1869 in the service of the Royal Artillery. He fought in the Zulu War in 1879, where he was mentioned in despatches. He was Aide-de-Camp to Sir Evelyn Wood in 1879. In 1880 he was summoned to Balmoral Castle to explain to Queen Victoria the circumsatances of the Prince Imperial's death in the Zulu War. He held the office of Groom-in-Waiting to HM Queen Victoria in 1880. He was invested as a Companion, Order of the Bath (C.B.) in 1885 He was invested as a Companion, Order of St. Michael and St. George (C.M.G.) in 1887. He gained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1892. He was invested as a Knight Commander, Order of the Bath (K.C.B.) in 1895. He retired from the military in 1898. He held the office of Private Secretary to HM Queen Victoria. He was invested as a Knight Commander, Order of St. Michael and St. George (K.C.M.G.) in 1901. He was invested as a Knight Grand Cross, Royal Victorian Order (G.C.V.O.) in 1901. He was decorated with the award of the Imperial Service Order (I.S.O.) in 1903. He held the office of Private Secretary to HM King Edward VII. He was invested as a Knight Commander, Order of the Star of India (K.C.S.I.) in 1906. He was invested as a Knight Grand Commander, Order of the Indian Empire (G.C.I.E.) in 1911. He gained the title of 1st Baron Stamfordham, of Stamfordham, co. Northumberland [U.K.] on 23 June 1911. He held the office of Private Secretary to HM King George V. He was invested as a Knight Grand Cross, Order of the Bath (G.C.B.) in 1916.
Posts : 3105 Join date : 2009-03-03 Location : Devon
Subject: Re: Lord Stamfordham. Sun Jun 30, 2013 11:14 am
Subject: Re: Lord Stamfordham. Sun Jun 30, 2013 11:33 am
There's a very good photograph of him wrongly listed as Biggie, along with Slade & Nicholson (killed in action at Khambula) at http://campbell.ukzn.ac.za/?q=node/41141
Posts : 2190 Join date : 2013-09-08 Age : 64 Location : Lower Sheering, Essex
Subject: Re: Lord Stamfordham. Sun Dec 01, 2013 10:47 pm
[You must be registered and logged in to see this image.] Lieutenant Arthur Bigge, dated 1874 and initialled by the subject. John Young Collection.
Subject: Re: Lord Stamfordham. Sun Dec 01, 2013 11:30 pm
thank you JY, wish i could see through your eyes for just ten minutes, books, map's print's, ephemera, is my thing, a tang- ible connection with the past!.
Posts : 1850 Join date : 2009-03-25
Subject: Re: Lord Stamfordham. Mon Dec 02, 2013 12:04 am
Birth 18 June 1849 34 31 Linden Hall, nr. Morpeth, Northumberland
Education Royal Military Academy, Woolwich Occupation 1869 (Age 19) Joined the Royal Artillery
Marriage Constance Neville - [View Family (F13657)] 10 February 1881 (Age 31)
Note: they had two daughters and one son Occupation between May 1895 and January 1901 (Age 45) Principal Private Secretary to Queen Victoria
Occupation between May 1910 and 31 March 1931 (Age 60) Principal Private Secretary to George V
Note: 1916: 'in response to widespread anti-German sentiment, he suggested that Windsor should replace Saxe-Coburg-Gotha as the royal family name' (ODNB) Occupation May 1910 (Age 60) Sworn of the Privy Council
Occupation 23 June 1911 (Age 62) Created 1st Baron Stamfordham, of Stamfordham in the county of Northumberland
Occupation 'Courtier'; see ODNB Death 31 March 1931 (Age 81) St. James's Palace, London
Posts : 1850 Join date : 2009-03-25
Subject: Re: Lord Stamfordham. Mon Dec 02, 2013 12:17 am
Subject: Re: Lord Stamfordham. Mon Dec 02, 2013 1:19 am
"Bigge, Arthur John, Baron Stamfordham (1849–1931), courtier, was born on 18 June 1849 at Linden Hall, near Morpeth, Northumberland, the son of John Frederick Bigge (1814–1885), vicar of Stamfordham, Northumberland, and his wife, Caroline Mary (d. 1901), only daughter of Nathaniel Ellison, a barrister and bankruptcy commissioner in Newcastle upon Tyne.
Bigge attended Rossall School in the 1860s, and was commissioned into the Royal Artillery in 1869 after training at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. He became friends with the prince imperial, a fellow officer in the artillery, the son and heir of Napoleon III and Empress Eugénie of France, who were then living in exile in England. The prince wanted to see military action and, against the wishes of Disraeli, the prime minister, the queen secured him an attachment to a unit sent to South Africa during the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879. He was killed by Zulus in a surprise attack; Bigge, who served both in the Zulu and Cape Frontier wars, and was mentioned in dispatches after the battle of Kambala (29 March), was asked to Scotland by Eugénie and the queen to give his account of the ambush (though he had not actually witnessed it).
Bigge impressed the queen, who found him ‘clever, amiable and agreeable’ (DNB), at a time when her private office was in transition. Her private secretary, Sir Henry Ponsonby, was carrying an extra burden owing to the death of the keeper of the privy purse, Sir Thomas Biddulph. Ponsonby accepted the queen's insistence that young Bigge, who had no administrative experience or knowledge of the court, should be hired as his assistant; as a Liberal, Ponsonby was suspicious of Bigge's toryism, but was surprised to find him a congenial companion. Bigge was not as quick-witted as his chief: one later observer described him as ‘sound and painstaking; simplicity and honesty, good sense, loyalty and keenness were all his life the chief features of his character’ (Gore, 39). His political imagination was limited, but he was a conscientious assistant to Ponsonby, and when the latter died in 1895 he was the obvious replacement. Queen Victoria expressed complete confidence in him, and he was made a KCB, which he had declined two years earlier (Emden, 204); he had been made CB in 1885 and CMG in 1887. He had married, on 10 February 1881, Constance Neville (d. 1922), the daughter of the Revd William Frederick Neville and his wife, Fanny Grace, née Blackwood. They had a son and two daughters.
Bigge's first spell as private secretary to the sovereign lasted from May 1895 until the death of Queen Victoria in January 1901. They were trying years, as the queen was growing old and she was seeing fewer people. What work she accomplished was often channelled through her ladies-in-waiting or Indian servants, and Bigge saw her more rarely than had Ponsonby. It fell to him early in his tenure of the post to smooth the resignation of the queen's cousin, the elderly duke of Cambridge, as commander-in-chief of the army, and he helped to manage the diamond jubilee celebrations in 1897. Edward VII, on his accession in 1901, kept his existing private secretary, Sir Francis Knollys, and Bigge spent his reign filling the same role for George, duke of York, who shortly became prince of Wales. Once the pupil of Ponsonby, he now became the teacher of a young sailor of somewhat limited education as he travelled around the British empire. Bigge wrote his speeches, becoming ‘accepted as one of the first of his age in the composition of speeches and memoranda’ (Gore, 41), and gave the young man lessons in deportment. He was not successful, however, in persuading Prince George and Princess May (later Queen Mary) to move from York House on the Sandringham estate to a place where they might more easily cultivate a wider range of contacts. Bigge once told the prince to smile more during public appearances, to which he received the reply that sailors never smiled on duty: Bigge's rejoinder—that ‘the duties of a sailor and those of the heir to the throne were not identical’—earned the young man's respect (Nicolson, 64–5). Several heartfelt letters from the prince to Bigge, thanking him for his guidance and friendship, have survived; after Bigge died, George V, as he became, said of him: ‘he taught me how to be a King’ (ibid., 452).
The constant crowds of cheering colonials on his travels with the prince entrenched Bigge's enthusiasm for empire. On the former's accession as George V in May 1910 Bigge became a privy councillor and, for the second time, private secretary to the sovereign, a position he held jointly with Knollys. A clash between them was not long in coming. Bigge advised the king against giving the Liberal government pre-election ‘contingent guarantees’ as to his future conduct in enabling the passage of legislation to restrict the power of the House of Lords (the Parliament Act); Knollys, a Liberal, took the opposite view, to which the king eventually acceded. Subsequent events led the monarch to lose confidence in Knollys, who resigned in March 1913, leaving Bigge—ennobled as Baron Stamfordham (23 June 1911), though the king continued to address him by his surname—as principal private secretary. Bigge travelled with George V and Queen Mary to India in 1911, where he advised against the monarch's going on a tiger shoot lest it appear frivolous; he was appointed GCIE that year, and GCB in 1916. He had, however, earned the enduring mistrust of the Liberal government by his earlier actions; the marquess of Lincolnshire observed that he was a ‘very strong Tory and does not hesitate to show his colours’ (Rose, King George V, 141), while Asquith, the prime minister, complained of the tone and content of some of his communications (ibid.). On this rock foundered his attempt to help the king broker a compromise over Irish home rule; both men feared a civil war if this measure were pushed through. A subsequent indicator of ministerial alienation came when Lloyd George's secretaries made Stamfordham wait on a hard wooden chair when he came to call. Following the controversy over the Parliament Act he behaved with greater caution—to the degree that he earned the sobriquet of ‘Better-not’ (ibid., 122).
During the First World War Stamfordham lost his only son, John Neville (1887–1915). He demonstrated the political acumen he had acquired in his service under Victoria and Ponsonby when, in response to widespread anti-German sentiment, he suggested that Windsor should replace Saxe-Coburg-Gotha as the royal family name. He also advised that the king's civil list be cut down and money refunded to the exchequer so that the royal family might share some of the wartime hardships of ordinary people. At the time of the Russian Revolution Stamfordham wrote: We must endeavour to induce the thinking working classes, Socialist and others, to regard the crown, not as a mere figure-head … but as a living power for good, with receptive faculties welcoming information affecting the interests and social well-being of all classes. (Nicolson, 308) He helped the king to face down the levelling temper of demobilized troops by stepping up the royal family's charitable works, and kept him informed about the growth of republicanism; George V had previously written to him, in gratitude ‘I know you always tell me the truth however unpleasant it may be’ (29 Dec 1913; Gore, 148). Stamfordham supported G. E. Buckle, the former editor of The Times, in continuing the publication, begun by Lord Esher, of Queen Victoria's papers. Such activities undoubtedly helped to bolster the monarchy's standing as a cultural icon, if they did little to recover direct political influence over ministers of the crown.
After his wife died in 1922 Stamfordham lived with his unmarried daughter Margaret at St James's Palace and at Windsor. It was his duty, in 1923, to tell Lord Curzon that his membership of the House of Lords effectively precluded him from becoming prime minister. His kindness when the first Labour government took office the following year was later recalled by Ramsay MacDonald. Stamfordham died in post at St James's Palace on 31 March 1931, following an operation two weeks earlier from which he never recovered, and was buried at Brompton cemetery on 4 April. His title became extinct with his death. The king wrote in his diary ‘I shall miss him terribly. His loss is irreparable’ (Pope-Hennessy, 549). Owen Morshead, a royal librarian who knew both men, wrote of Stamfordham's ‘absence of self-esteem which responded to a like quality in his master, establishing between them more than a merely professional relationship throughout the thirty years of their association’ (DNB).
Stamfordham was ‘slight of build and unassuming in manner’ (Rose, King George V, 49). His memoranda were invariably delivered hand-written in a large script—a habit originating in Queen Victoria's poor sight and prejudice against typewriters. His period of service covered a time of enormous change and upheaval; his awareness of public opinion and the innovations he fostered helped to ensure the survival of the monarchy into a new era. Unusual among courtiers in coming from a non-aristocratic background, he might be said to have founded a dynasty himself—his grandson Michael Adeane served as private secretary to Elizabeth II from 1954 to 1972.
William M. Kuhn Sources DNB · V. Bogdanor, The monarchy and the constitution (1995) · H. Nicolson, King George the fifth (1952) · K. Rose, King George V, pbk edn (1984) · K. Rose, Kings, queens and courtiers (1985) · F. Prochaska, Royal bounty: the making of a welfare monarchy (1995) · W. M. Kuhn, Henry and Mary Ponsonby (2002) · The Times (1 April 1931) · The Times (19 May 1931) · The Times (12–31 March 1931) · The Times (6 April 1931) · L. G. Pine, The new extinct peerage (1973) · J. Gore, George V: a personal memoir (1949) · P. H. Emden, Behind the throne (1934) · J. Pope-Hennessy, Queen Mary (1959) · CGPLA Eng. & Wales (1931) Archives BL, corresp., Add. MSS 48599, 48371, 48378, 48922, 48931 | BL, corresp. with Lord Bertie, Add. MS 63012 · BL, corresp. with John Burns, Add. MS 46281 · BL, corresp. with Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Add. MSS 41206, 41208 · BL, letters to Sir Edward Walter Hamilton, Add. MS 48599 · BL, corresp. with Viscount Long, Add. MS 62405 · BL, corresp. with Lord Northcliffe, Add. MS 62155 · BL, corresp. with Lord Selborne, Add. MS 46003 · BL OIOC, letters to Sir Harcourt Butler, MSS Eur. F 116 · BL OIOC, letters to Lord Reading, MSS Eur. E 238, F 118 · Bodl. Oxf., corresp. with Viscount Addison · Bodl. Oxf., corresp. with Herbert Asquith · Bodl. Oxf., corresp. with Robert Bridges · Bodl. Oxf., corresp. with Sir Henry Burdett · Bodl. Oxf., corresp. with Geoffrey Dawson · Bodl. Oxf., corresp. with Sir William Harcourt and Lewis Harcourt · Bodl. Oxf., corresp. with Lord Kimberley · Bodl. Oxf., letters to Arthur Ponsonby · Bodl. Oxf., corresp. with Sir Horace Rumbold · Bodl. Oxf., corresp. with Lord Selborne · Bodl. Oxf., corresp. with Sir W. L. Worthington-Evans · CKS, letters to Akers-Douglas · CUL, corresp. with Lord Hardinge · CUL, corresp. with Sir Samuel Hoare · Lambton Park, Chester-le-Street, co. Durham, corresp. with third earl of Durham · NA Scot., corresp. with A. J. Balfour · NL Aus., corresp. with Viscount Novar · NL Aus., corresp. with first Viscount Stonehaven · NL Scot., corresp. with Lord Haldane · NL Scot., corresp. with fourth earl of Minto · NL Scot., corresp. mainly with Lord Rosebery · Nuffield Oxf., corresp. with Lord Mottistone · Parl. Arch., corresp. with Andrew Bonar Law · Parl. Arch., corresp. with John St Loe Strachey · Parl. Arch., corresp. with Herbert Samuel · PRONI, corresp. with Edward Carson · Royal Arch. · TNA: PRO, letters to Lord Midleton, PRO 30/67 · U. Birm. L., corresp. with Austen Chamberlain · U. Durham L., corresp. with Sir Reginald Wingate · U. Newcastle, Robinson L., corresp. with Walter Runciman.
Posts : 629 Join date : 2009-01-20 Age : 42
Subject: Re: Lord Stamfordham. Mon Dec 02, 2013 1:27 am
We must have a bit of scandal!
Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll
"Further rumours spread that Louise was having an affair with Arthur Bigge, later Lord Stamfordham, the Queen's assistant private secretary. Beatrice mentioned the rumours to the Queen's physician, calling it a "scandal", and Prince Henry claimed to have seen Bigge drinking to Louise's health at dinner. Louise denied the rumour, claiming that it was started by Beatrice and Helena to undermine her position at court. However, on Henry's death, relations between the sisters sporadically improved, and it was Louise, rather than the Queen, who was the first to arrive at Cimiez to be with the widowed Beatrice.Nevertheless, Louise's jealousy did not evaporate completely. James Reid, the Queen's physician, wrote to his wife a few years later: "Louise is as usual much down on her sisters. Hope she won't stay long or she will do mischief!" Rumours of affairs did not surround only Bigge. In 1890, the sculptor Joseph Edgar Boehm died in Louise's presence at his studio in London, leading to rumours that the two were having an affair. Boehm's assistant, Alfred Gilbert, who played a central role in comforting Louise after Boehm's death, and supervised the destruction of Boehm's private papers, was rapidly promoted as a royal sculptor. Louise was also romantically linked to fellow artist Edwin Lutyens; her equerry, Colonel William Probert; and an unnamed music master. However, Jehanne Wake, Louise's biographer, argues that there is no substantial evidence to suggest that Louise had sexual relationships with anyone other than her husband. During Victoria's last years, Louise carried out a range of public duties, such as opening public buildings, laying foundation stones, and officiating at special programmes. Louise, like her eldest sister Victoria, was more liberally minded, and supported the suffragist movement, completely contrary to the Queen's views. Louise privately visited Britain's first female doctor, Elizabeth Garrett.Queen Victoria deplored the idea of women joining professions, especially the medical profession, and described the training of female doctors as a "repulsive subject"."
Posts : 706 Join date : 2012-05-05
Subject: Re: Lord Stamfordham. Mon Dec 02, 2013 11:09 pm
Was it not also suggested that Major Chard, was in a relationship with a lady in waiting to QV. or was that just more scandal in the palace?