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 Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles

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PostSubject: Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles   Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles EmptyWed May 04, 2011 11:51 am

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Allan Wilson (1856 – 4 December 1893), was born in Scotland. He is best known for his leadership of the Shangani Patrol which resulted in his death and made him a national hero in Rhodesia.

"Upon completion of his apprenticeship at a Fochabers bank, he went to the Cape Colony and joined the Cape Mounted Rifles. He fought in the Zulu War and the First Boer War and was promoted to Sergeant. After taking his discharge he became a trader and gold prospector, and he earned a commission in the Basuto Police. Later he joined the Bechuanaland Exploration Company as Chief Inspector and was sent as their representative to Fort Victoria (now Masvingo) in Matabeleland, serving as the senior officer in the Victoria Volunteers. He became a Major and was killed while leading the Shangani Patrol during the First Matabele War. Wilson is buried, along with most of his patrol and with Cecil Rhodes, in Matabo Hills, Zimbabwe. He is considered a national hero and one of the founding fathers of Rhodesia. The date of his death was a national holiday in Rhodesia."

Shangani Patrol

"When the First Matabele War broke out, Wilson given command of the Victoria Column and appointed the rank of Major. He led the famous Shangani Patrol in search of King Lobengula and, on 4 December 1893, he and 31 of his men were cut-off from the main column and killed by the Ndebele warriors. In desperation and only hours before his defeat, Wilson sent Frederick Russell Burnham and two other scouts to seek reinforcements from the main column commanded by Major Patrick Forbes. Unfortunately the battle raging there was just as intense and there was no hope of anyone reaching Wilson in time. The incident achieved a lasting, prominent place in Rhodesian colonial history and is considered to be roughly the British equivalent to Custer's Last Stand.
Wilson's Last Stand

A patriotic play called Wilson’s Last Stand was produced on the stage and ran in London for two years. In the play, based on some embellished facts, it is said that in the killing of Wilson and his thirty-one men, Lobengula lost 80 of his royal guard and another 500 Ndebele warriors. Wilson was the last to fall and the wounded men of the Shangani Patrol loaded rifles and passed them to him during the final stages of the defense. When their ammunition ran out, the remaining men of the Patrol are said to have risen and sung, God Save the Queen. Once both of Wilson’s arms were broken and he could no longer shoot, he stepped from behind a barricade of dead horses, walked toward the Ndebele, and was stabbed with a spear by a young warrior."


Place of birth: Glen Urquhart, Ross-shire, Scotland
Place of death: Shangani River, Zimbabwe; buried at Matopo Hills, Zimbabwe
Allegiance: British Army
Years of service: 1878 - 1893
Rank: Major


Click Here. Wilson's Last Stand
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PostSubject: Re: Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles   Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles EmptyWed May 04, 2011 12:55 pm

are there any photos of the actual site of the last stand?
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PostSubject: Re: Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles   Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles EmptyWed May 04, 2011 1:23 pm

Click Here Shangani Patrol

Click Here Memorial Photos
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PostSubject: Re: Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles   Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles EmptyWed May 04, 2011 1:34 pm

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MAJOR ALLAN WILSON’S PATROL, AND
REINFORCEMENS SENT FORWARD BY MAJOR PATRICK FORBES

Major Allan Wilson; Chief of Scouts Frederick Russell Burnham (American); Scout Robert Bain (American);Capt. Freddie Fitzgerald; Capt. Harry Greenfield; Capt William Judd; Capt. Argent Blundell Kirton; Capt. Napier; Lt. Arend Hofmeyr; Lt.George Hughes; Sgt.Maj. S.C. Harding; Sgt. Maj. Judge; Sgt G. Bradburn;
Sgt. H.A.Brown; Cpl.F.C.Colquhoun; Cpl. Ebbage; Tpr.M.C. Dillon; Tpr. A. Hay-Robertson; Tpr. H.J.Heller; Tpr. J. Robertson; Tpr. E.E.Welby.
Capt. Henry Borrow; Scout Pearl ‘Pet’ Ingram (American); Sgt.H. Birkley; Sgt. H.D.W.M.Money; Cpl. H.G. Kinloch; Tpr. Abbot; Tpr. W. Bath; Tpr. W.H.Briton; Ptr. E.Brock; Tpr. P.W. de Vos; Tpr.L. Dowis; Tpr. W. Gooding (Australian); Tpr. Landsberg; Tpr. E.G. MacKenzie; Tpr.M. Meiklejohn; Tpr. Nesbit; Tpr. P.C.Nunn;
Tpr. W,A. Thompson; Tpr. H. St.J. Tuck; Tpr. F.L. Vogel; Tpr. H.G. Watson.

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PostSubject: Re: Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles   Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles EmptyWed May 04, 2011 5:27 pm

so is the memorial were the last stand took place??
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PostSubject: Re: Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles   Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles EmptyWed May 04, 2011 7:38 pm

Hopefully Ken Gillings will be able to tell us. But I thing it is.
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PostSubject: Re: Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles   Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles EmptyWed Jun 08, 2011 4:51 pm

The battle (skirmish) was fought on the banks of the Shangani River in Matabeleland. The group became trapped by the swollen river and thus met their demise as a direct result because they were unable to escape.

The Memorial is constructed on the hill in the Rhodes Estate, known as World's View, where Cecil Rhodes elected to be buried. I was born and brought up in Bulawayo and these events were very much part of our history. I may be wrong but believe that the remains of the Allan Wilson and his men are entombed here as well.

Following Rhodes burial I believe it was intended that this become the last resting place of National Heroes. The first Prime Minister of Southern Rhodesia, Charles Coghlan, is also buried on the Eastern side of the Hill and also Leander Jameson (I think).

When I was very young I remember that the graves were guarded by an Induna of the Matabele Royal family. I remember him greeting visitors to the site in Matabele traditional regalia of hide loin cloth, head dress and spear and shield.

The grave of these men are regularly desecrated today by locals urinating and defecating on the graves. I believe there was a resolution before the Zimbabwe Parliament recently calling for Rhodes' remains to be exhumed and sent back to England. Not sure what happened with this.

The whole area was part of the Rhodes Estate and a National Park. Probably nationalised now.
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PostSubject: A little Intombi Drift in Matebeleland...   Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles EmptySun Feb 05, 2012 11:26 am

Shangani Patrol


The Shangani Patrol was a group of white Rhodesian pioneer police officers killed in battle on the Shangani River in Matabeleland in 1893.

The incident achieved a lasting, prominent place in Rhodesian colonial history.


Following the abandonment of Bulawayo, during the First Matabele War, a column of soldiers led by Major Patrick Forbes had been despatched by Leander Starr Jameson to attempt the capture of King Lobengula, leader of the Ndebele nation.

The column camped on the south bank of the Shangani River about 40 km north-east of the village of Lupane on the evening of 3 December 1893.

Late in the afternoon, a dozen men, under the command of Major Allan Wilson, were sent across the river to reconnoitre.

Shortly afterwards, Wilson sent two men, Trps. Judge and Ebbage, with a message back to the laager to say that he had found the king, the prospects of capturing the king were so good he had decided not to return that night, and he was requesting reinforcements.

Major Forbes planned to make a rush the next day, capture the king and at once turn back for Bulawayo.

It was a dark night and rain fell at intervals.

At about nine o'clock an alert picket heard the sound of horses and aroused the laager.

Captain Napier and two troopers reached Major Forbes and reported that the patrol had got close to the bush enclosure protecting the king and his wagon but had had to retreat and, to prevent themselves from being surrounded, had taken up a position in the bush to wait for daylight and required reinforcements.

But earlier that day Forbes had received a report that the bulk of Lobengula's warriors, under his chief induna(general), Mjaan, had turned back and intended to attack the column that night.

Unwilling to set off across the river in the dark, Forbes sent 20 more men under the command of Henry Borrow, intending to send the main body of troops and artillery across the river the following morning.

However, on their way to the river the next day, the column was ambushed by Ndebele fighters and delayed.

The Wilson party was attacked that morning by large numbers of Ndebele warriors and forced to retreat, unable to safely cross the now rain swollen Shangani river and re-unite with Forbes.

Vastly outnumbered, Wilson and his men retreated to make their last stand.

During the final lull in the fighting, in an act of near desperation Wilson asked his two American scouts and Trooper Gooding, an Australian, to cross the Shangani, find Forbes, and bring back further reinforcements.

In spite of a shower of bullets and spears, and the swollen Shangani river to cross, the three men set off to find Forbes.

When Frederick Russell Burnham, Pearl "Pete" Ingram, and Gooding did finally reach the Forbes encampment, the battle raging there was just as intense and there was no hope of anyone reaching Wilson in time.

As Burnham loaded his rifle to beat back the Matabele warriors, he quietly said to Forbes, "I think I may say we are the sole survivors of that party."

In the meantime, Wilson, Borrow, and their men were surrounded by a large number of Ndebele, and the Shangani River had suddenly risen in flood, making it impossible to cross. All of the remaining 31 men were killed, but the inaccessibility of the spot and the risk of attack by the Ndebele made it impossible to recover the bodies until February 1894.

Wilson’s Last Stand was produced on the stage as a patriotic play and ran in London for two years.

In the play, based on some embellished facts, it is said that in the killing of Wilson and his thirty-one men, Lobengula lost 80 of his royal guard and another 500 Matabele warriors on 3000 engaged...

Wilson was the last to fall and the wounded men of the Shangani Patrol loaded rifles and passed them to him during the final stages of the defense.

When their ammunition ran out, the remaining men of the Patrol are said to have risen and sung, God Save the Queen.

Once both of Wilson’s arms were broken and he could no longer shoot, he stepped from behind a barricade of dead horses, walked toward the Matabele, and was stabbed with a spear by a young warrior.

The Shangani Patrol entered Rhodesian colonial history as part of the mythology of white conquest, with Wilson and Borrow hailed as national heroes.


Initially (left column at 5pm on Dec 3, 1893):

Major Allan Wilson (Scottish)
Chief of Scouts Frederick Russell Burnham (American)
Scout Robert Bain (American)
Capt. Freddie Fitgerald
Capt. Harry Greenfield
Capt. William Judd
Capt. Argent Blundell Kirton
Capt. Napier
Lt. Arend Hofmeyer
Lt. George Hughes
Sgt. Maj. S.C. Harding
Sgt. Maj. Judge
Sgt. G. Bradburn
Sgt. H.A. Brown
Cp. F.C. Colquhoun
Cpl. Ebbage
Tpr. D. M.C. Dillon
Tpr. A. Hay-Robertson
Tpr. H.J. Heller
Tpr. J. Robertson
Tpr. E.E. Welby




Reinforcements (left column at 1am and arrived at dawn on Dec 4, 1893):

Capt. Henry Borrow
Scout Pearl "Pete" Ingram (American)
Sgt. W.H. Birkley
Sgt. H.D.W.M. Money
Cpl. H.G. Kirloch
Tpr. Abbot
Tpr. W. Bath
Tpr. W.H. Briton
Trp. E. Brock
Tpr. P.W. de Vos
Tpr. L. Dowis
Tpr. W. Gooding (Australian)
Tpr. Landsberg
Tpr. E.G. MacKenze
Tpr. M. Meiklejohn
Tpr. Nesbin
Tpr. P.C. Nunn
Tpr. W. A. Thompson
Tpr. H.StJ. Tuck
Tpr. F.L. Vogal
Tpr. H.G. Watson

Notes:

Trps. Judge and Ebbage sent to column for reinforcements at 9pm on Dec. 3rd;
Capt. Napier, Tpr. Robertson, and one other Trp. detached to column at 9pm on Dec. 3rd;
Tpr. Robertson returns with Capt. Borrow's reinforcements;
Tprs. Landsberg and Nesbin, part of Capt. Borrow's reinforcements, get lost on their way to Wilson;
Scout Burnham, Scout Pearl "Pete" Ingram, and Tpr. W. Gooding sent to Maj. Forbes for reinforncements the morning of Dec. 4th)


Just before Capt. Borrow, Burnham, and the rest of the advance-guard of the Jameson-Forbes column arrived at Bulawayo, Lobengula had fled in the direction of the Bubi river and was reportedly hiding there.

Jameson sent Lobengula the following message:

"I send this message in order, if possible, to prevent the necessity of any further killing of your people or burning of their kraals.

To stop this useless slaughter you must at once come and see me at Bulawayo, when I will guarantee that your life will be saved and the you will be kindly treated.

I will allow sufficient time for this message to reach you and return to me and two days more to allow you to reach me in your wagon.

Should you not then arrive I shall at once send out troops to follow you, as I am determined as soon as possible to put the country in a condition where whites and blacks can live in peace and friendliness."

Jameson never received a response and the Matabele war raged on.

However, later in the war it was learned that Lobengula had sent two messengers to Jameson to admit his defeat, along with a large quantity of gold-dust.

The message and the gold-dust were handed over to two troopers of the rear guard, Daniels and Wilson, who then traitorously suppressed this information and kept the gold-dust for their own.

Both men were tried by the Resident Magistrate and four assessors at Bulawayo, found guilty and sentenced to fourteen years' imprisonment with hard labor.

But the High Commissioner's legal experts pointed out that the magistrate's powers did not entitle him to pass sentences of more than three months' imprisonment.

The sentences were afterwards quashed and the men released.

The treachery of these two troopers indirectly led to the deaths of thousands of Matabele warriors and of the Shangani Patrol.


The remains of the Patrol members were interred at World's View in the Matopo Hills and are currently buried next to the bodies of Rhodes and Jameson.

At the request of Rhodes, a memorial to the Shangani Patrol was erected at the site.

Designed by John Tweed, the monument was dedicated by Bishop Gaul of Mashonaland in 1904.

The memorial is an austere, oblong monument, 33 feet (10 m) high and made of granite blocks hewn from the neighboring kopje, with a panel on each of the four sides depicting the members of the patrol in bas relief.


Some doubt was later expressed as to whether the three surviving members of the Shangani Patrol actually were sent back to fetch help or whether they had simply deserted Wilson's command when things got nasty.

The accounts of Burnham,Gooding, and Ingram and the members of Forbe's Column were all recorded at the Court of Inquery in 1894 and in later historical records by contemporaries, and findings of the Court supported their accounts.

Based on the findings the British government presented Burnham with the Campaign Medal and as recognition for outstanding service each man was given 300 square miles (780 km2) of land in Rhodesia.

Nevertheless, this claim of desertion was made by John C. Coghlan, a cousin of Charles Coghlan the first Prime Minister of Southern Rhodesia.

On December 14, 1935, John Coghlan wrote a letter to John "Jack" Carruthers stating that: Gooding confessed on his deathbed that he, Burnham and Ingram were not sent back by Wilson at Shangani but they cleared off on their own accord.

Noteworthy is that Coghlan attributes this claim not to any personal knowledge, but according to: "A very reliable man informed me that Wools-Sampson told him"—in other words, this 1935 account of the 1893 incident is attributed to an unnamed source who himself heard it from another source altogether.


Also curious is that the 1899 obituary of Will Gooding fails to mention his confession or any controversy and instead it recounts the historical events as they were described by Gooding in the letter to his mother in 1894.

In the late 1960s and early 1970s, some Rhodesian writers such as Peter Emmerson, John O'Reilly, Hugh Marshall Hole elaborated on the desertion theory.

Emmerson suggests his reasons thusly: Would Wilson at such a crucial time have reduced his forces still further from their already meagre level?

But Emmerson overlooks that at 9pm the night before, only hours earlier when Wilson's position was almost as dangerous and when he had far fewer men, Maj. Wilson had sent four men to Maj. Forbes for reinforcements: Capt. Napier along with Tprs. Robertson, Judge and Ebbage.

O'Reilly states: Wilson would have expected Forbes and understandably would have sent a scout to find the Patrol and expedite its passage through the forest; but only if there were no undue risk (sic) to the men's lives.

Perhaps two would have been necessary, but why Trooper Gooding?

O'Reilly overlooks that Wilson originally asked only Burnham to make the precarious ride to Forbes, that Burnham requested that Ingram accompany him, and that Capt. Borrow requested the addition of Gooding.

Hole suggests that these men deserted during confused fighting.

But firsthand Matabele witnesses support Burnham's accounts that the three men left during a lull in the fighting after Wilson withdrew to his final position and any desertion at this time would have been stopped with Wilson's bullets.

Additionally, rather than flee the conflict altogether, which two American scouts trained in woodcraft could easily have accomplished, all sources agree that the three men fought the Ndebele all the way to Maj. Forbes and then actively participated in the fierce fighting taking place there.

Maj. Forbes further demonstrated his confidence in these men when he made the decision to retreat and sent Ingram ahead as the scout to lead the column.

Cheers

Pascal
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PostSubject: Re: Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles   Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles EmptyMon Feb 06, 2012 7:12 pm

Pascal. I have merged your topic to an already existing topic of the same subject.

Also please name the source of your material when posting. ( Or have you written this yourself)

Please use the search box on the home page. The chances are, the information is already on the forum. In which case just add to it. Salute
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PostSubject: Re: Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles   Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles EmptyTue Feb 07, 2012 8:00 am

Yes sir.
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PostSubject: Re: Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles   Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles EmptyFri Aug 23, 2013 9:43 pm

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The fountain erected in memory of Major Wilson was commissioned by the Duke of Richmond and Gordon and is inscribed:

Erected by the natives of Fochabers to commemorate the heroic stand made against the forces of the King of Matebeleland by Major Allan Wilson of this town who with a small band of comrades fell bravely fighting against overwhelming odds near the Shangani River in South Africa on the 4th of December 1893.

Allan Wilson (1856-1893) was born in Glen Urquhart, Ross-shire, and is best known for his leadership of the Shangani Patrol during which he met his death, making him a national hero in Rhodesia.

On completion of his bank apprenticeship in Fochabers, he went to the Cape Colony and joined the Cape Mounted Rifles. He fought in the Zulu War and the First Boer War and was promoted to Sergeant. After taking his discharge he became a trader and gold prospector and earned a commission in the Basuto Police.

Later, he joined the Bechuanaland Exploration Company as Chief Inspector and was sent as their representative to Fort Victoria (now Masvingo) in Matabeleland, serving as the senior officer in the Victoria Volunteers. He became a Major and was killed while leading the Shangani Patrol during the First Matabele War.

Wilson is buried, along with most of his patrol and with Cecil Rhodes, in Matabo Hills, Zimbabwe.

When the First Matabele War broke out in 1893, Wilson was given command of the Victoria Column and appointed to the rank of Major. He led the Shangani Patrol in search of King Lobengula and on 4 December, he and thirty one of his men were cut off from the main column and killed by the Ndebele warriors.
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In desperation, and only hours before his death, Wilson sent Frederick Russell Burnham and two other scouts to seek reinforcements from the main column commanded by Major Patrick Forbes.
Unfortunately, the battle raging there was just as intense and there was no hope of anyone reaching Wilson in time.

The incident achieved a lasting, prominent place in Rhodesian colonial history and is considered to be the British equivalent to Custer’s Last Stand.

A patriotic play, Wilson’s Last Stand, was written and it ran in London for just over two years. In the play, it was claimed that in killing Wilson and his men, Lobengula lost eighty of his royal guard and another 500 Ndebele warriors. Wilson seemingly, was the last to fall and the wounded men of the Shangani Patrol loaded rifles and passed them to him during the final stages of the defence.

When their ammunition ran out, the remaining men of the Patrol are said to have risen and sung, God Save the Queen. Once both of Wilson’s arms were broken and he could no longer shoot, he stepped from behind a barricade of dead horses, walked toward the Ndebele, and was stabbed with a spear by a young warrior.

Source: aberdeen voice
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PostSubject: Allan Wilson   Allan Wilson. Cape Mounted Rifles EmptySat Aug 24, 2013 2:41 am

Hi All .
I've had a quick look through ' The Medal Roll ' and ' For God , Queen & Colony ' the only A. Wilson I found was listed in the 2nd Cape Mtd Yeomanry , medal with Clasp 1879 but it was returned to Woolwich Mint . If that is indeed the Shangani River Wilson he didnt take part in the actual Anglo Zulu War . The Yeonanry and Cape Mtd Riflemen fought in the other African campaigns .
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